Anal fissures are the ruptures or tears of the conjunction of the anal channels through the last part of your colon and the stools from the body. A few symptoms are commonly associated with bowel movements, such as itching, bleeding, and pain. In some cases, small fissures that cause pain can heal on their own, however, if there are deeper fissures that are chronic, a physician may need to treat them.

An anal fissure is very common among infants and children but can affect people of any age. In general, anal fission heals within four to six weeks. However, if the rift fails to heal during this period, it may become chronic and medical or surgical treatment will be necessary to cure the anal rift.

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Symptoms of Anal Fissure

Anal Fissure occurs when the anal canal is damaged in some way. The trauma to the anal lining can lead to symptoms such as

Causes Of Anal Fissure

Some trauma in the anal channel causes it. These tears or rupturing of the rectum can happen to anyone, but it is usually seen in the younger and healthier. Anal stenosis is generally caused by pressure on the anal cavity; the reasons could be sitting for a long time, being stressed, or having a high-pressure job. Primary fissures are simple fractures.

A fissure may be caused by severe constipation, high pressure on the anal cavity muscles such as long driving in everyday life, etc. They may occur during childbirth or after a difficult childbirth. Earlier, it was thought that most fissures were caused by straining to pass the stools and uncomfortable bowel movements. However, now it is known that the tone of the sphincter muscle can cause chronic fissures. Excessive pressure on the anal hole may cause these, and it may become a more painful and stressful life, and spasms and breakdowns may become chronic.

Some conditions that are commonly associated with primary anal fissures include

Additionally, some of the minor common causes of the same phenomenon are as follows:

Home Remedies For Anal Fissure

Natural Remedies

1. Sitz bath
It means sitting in a bathtub with lukewarm water to reduce the pain and get relief, but it may not accelerate the healing of the anal fissure. These plastic baths can be purchased from local drug stores on any available online platforms, are filled with water and are usually recommended for using a tub for approximately 10 to 15 minutes, preferably 2-3 times a day. Doctors prescribe some medications or Epsom salt as an addition to water. These additives help reduce pain, itch, remove discomfort, and clear the infection.
You can use your bathtub if you don’t have access to a plastic sitz bath. If you soak in a bathtub, be sure to clean it well before sitting in it, and keep to the recommended soaking time.

2. Include Fibre Rich Food
Include plenty of high-fibre foods such as beans, split peas, lentils, chickpeas, bran cereal, pumpkin seeds, soya beans, and whole grains. Also, eat prunes and raisins that help soften stools. A soft, easily passed stool will be less painful on the fissure and stop it from becoming grave and irritated.
Some Examples of High Fiber Foods Include

3. Fibre Supplement
If you don’t get enough fibre from food, a fibre supplement may help. There are many different types of fibre supplements, with some of the most common ingredients being psyllium husk, methylcellulose, and polycarbophil. Consult a nutritionist and take a balanced diet with a fibre supplement to benefit from the supplement. It is suggested to start fibre supplements slowly and gradually increase the amount daily to avoid side effects such as coating and gas. In addition, fibre supplements can help with other health complications, such as constipation and diarrhoea.

4. Stool Softener
A stool softener may help to relieve constipation. Stool softeners are not laxatives, and they are usually considered safe. Though they may have negligible side effects, it is still important to speak with a doctor before using one. These agents help increase the amount of water drawn into the digestive tract or intestines, making the stool softer. There are many types of stool softeners available as tablets and liquids. Stool softeners are typically used for seven days. Other methods that can be followed to help with constipation to help discontinue the stool softeners include changing your lifestyle habits. Also, talk to your doctor or healthcare provider about the over-the-counter stool softener that you can use.

5. Stay Hydrated
Staying hydrated will help overcome the problem of constipation. Drinking sufficient water can help keep the stools soft and easier to pass. Foods rich in water content can also contribute to your water intake goal. Foods rich in water also contribute to water intake goals. The amount of water you need each day depends on your weight and gender and varies from person to person, but on average, men should drink about 13 cups and women about 9 cups. More water is needed after physical activity, especially after exercise or when pregnant or breastfeeding. Your body is the only one that can tell you how much water you need. When the stool is soft and easy to pass, you’ve had enough water in a day.

6. Follow the bathroom hygiene.
After each bowel movement, clean the area around the anus gently and dry it thoroughly. If you have the urge to pass stools, don’t ignore it. If you try to control your urge to defecate, it will worsen the fissure. Do not use soap or take bubble baths as they can irritate the skin in the anal canal. Avoid excessive pressure or sitting on the toilet for a long time if it puts extra pressure on the anal area.

Laser treatment for Fissure

If none of the remedies worked, it is ideal for getting the laser done. Consult your healthcare provider and seek their help for laser treatment to get rid of the fissure.


Understanding the common anal and rectal conditions of Fissure is essential for effective management, including fissure treatment. By being aware of the causes, symptoms, treatment options, and prevention tips, individuals can take proactive steps towards maintaining anal and rectal health. Remember, if you have any concerns or questions, it is always advisable to consult a healthcare professional for further guidance and support. Take control of your well-being and prioritise your digestive health

People Also Ask:

1. Is Fissure Curable Without Surgery?

The fissure can be cured without surgeries with the help of home remedies, lifestyle changes and diet.

2. Which Is The Best Treatment For Fissures?

A lateral sphincterotomy is one of the most effective anal apartments with a success record.