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Vertebral Compression Fractures

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What are vertebral compression fractures ?

Vertebral compression fractures are cracks or collapses in the spine’s vertebral bones, usually brought on by trauma, osteoporosis, or other illnesses. These fractures could result in pain, loss of height, and changes in posture. Medagg will help you find the best doctor for compression fractures.

Symptoms Of compression fractures

Back pain: One of the most typical signs of spinal compression fractures is persistent, localized pain in the back. The discomfort may get worse when moving or standing, and it can range in intensity from moderate to severe.

Loss of Height: Because the afflicted vertebrae collapse, vertebral compression fractures can cause a discernible loss of height. In severe situations, this decrease of height is frequently more noticeable.

Kyphosis: Kyphosis is characterized by an abnormal curvature of the upper back, giving the impression of a “hunchback”. Kyphosis can arise as a result of vertebral compression fractures, especially if more than one vertebrais impacted.

Limited Mobility: Pain and discomfort might make it difficult for you to move around and carry out regular tasks like lifting, twisting, or bending.

Nerve Compression Symptoms: The broken vertebrae may occasionally compress adjacent nerves, resulting in symptoms like tingling, numbness, or paralysis in the limbs. It’s possible for these symptoms to spread to different bodily parts.

Breathing Problems: Breathing problems can arise from severe compression fractures in the thoracic spine (mid-back), which can impair lung function.

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causes of vertebral fractures ?

Breathing Problems: Breathing problems can arise from severe compression fractures in the thoracic spine (mid-back), which can impair lung function.

Trauma: A spinal compression fracture may arise from an abrupt and severe force or injury, such as a fall, auto accident, or sports injury. These fractures could result from a direct hit to the back.

Osteomyelitis: This infection of the bones can weaken the vertebrae in the spine, making them more susceptible to fractures

Extended corticosteroid use: Corticosteroid drug use over an extended period of time can reduce bone density and raise the risk of spinal compression fractures.

Additional medical conditions: A number of illnesses, including Paget’s disease and multiple myeloma, can impact bone health and put a person at risk for spinal compression fractures.

Deformities of the spine: Disorders such as kyphosis and scoliosis can put unnatural strain on the vertebrae, which may result in compression fractures.

Ageing: The natural ageing process can lead to a loss in bone strength and density as people age, which increases the risk of vertebral fractures.

Improper body mechanics and posture: Improper body mechanics, such as lifting heavy objects incorrectly, or maintaining bad posture can increase the risk of spinal compression fractures by adding stress to the spine over time.

vertebral compression fractures treatment in chennai

Treatment for Vertebral Compression Fractures

Vertebroplasty Treatment

Indications: Patients experiencing excruciating spinal compression fractures due to osteoporosis, trauma, tumours, or other causes are typically advised to undergo vertebroplasty. Back discomfort that is severe and chronic might result from these fractures.

Procedure: The patient is usually placed face down on an X-ray table for a vertebroplasty. Anaesthesia is localized during the procedure. Under the supervision of fluoroscopy, a tiny needle is introduced through the skin and muscle into the broken vertebra (real-time X-ray imaging).

Injection of Bone Cement: Following proper needle placement within the broken vertebra, the vertebral body is injected with a specific medical-grade bone cement, commonly polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA). Rapid hardening of the cement stabilizes the damaged vertebra and offers structural stability.

Pain Relief and Stability: By stabilizing the broken vertebra, stopping additional collapse, and relieving pressure on the surrounding nerves, the injected cement helps to relieve pain. Pain alleviation is sometimes felt nearly immediately;however, it may take a little while for the cement to set completely.

Recovering: Most patients can go home the same day after a vertebroplasty, which is normally an outpatient treatment. In order to give the cement time to fully solidify, patients are typically instructed to restrict their physical activity for a brief duration.

vertebral compression fractures treatment in chennai

Risk factors Of Compression Fractures

vertebral compression fractures treatment in chennai

Persistent Pain: Significant and persistent back pain can be brought on by vertebral compression fractures. Without treatment, the pain could worsen or continue, lowering one’s quality of life and limiting their ability to perform daily tasks.

Limited Mobility: Limited physical activity and mobility can come from severe pain and the worry of aggravating the fracture. This can cause muscle weakness and deconditioning, as well as a decrease in one’s capacity to carry out everyday duties.

Respiratory Complications: Because severe kyphosis reduces chest expansion, lung function may be hampered. Breathing problems and a higher risk of respiratory infections may result from this.

Decreased Quality of Life: A person’s overall quality of life can be greatly impacted by untreated spinal compression fractures. Deformity, restricted movement, and chronic discomfort can cause emotional

Increased Risk of Falls: Untreated fractures can cause pain and limited mobility, which can raise the risk of falls and subsequent fractures or injuries.

Fracture Progression: Because the force on the spine is unevenly distributed, untreated vertebral compression fractures can occasionally result in the formation of further fractures in neighbouring vertebrae.

Medication Dependency: Individuals who are unable to manage their pain may become dependent on painkillers, which increases the risk of drug addiction or dependence.

Effect on Osteoporosis Management: Untreated fractures may call for more severe therapy to prevent future fractures in patients whose osteoporosis is the underlying cause of the fracture. This can compromise osteoporosis management.

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To confirm the existence and severity of the fracture, imaging tests like X-rays, CT scans, or MRIs are often used in conjunction with a physical examination, medical historyand diagnosis.

Although generally safe, hazards can include infection, allergic reactions, leakage of cement and other procedure-related problems.

While each patient's recovery is unique, most can go home the following day and gradually resume

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